Russia has legally recognized eSignatures since 2011 with The Federal Law of the Russian Federation No. 63-FZ “On Electronic Signature.”
The Federal Law of the Russian Federation No. 63-FZ "On Electronic Signature" addresses the guidelines for eSignatures that must be met for a contract to be valid.
Russia has a tiered eSignature legal model and recognizes digital signatures as a distinct type of eSignature. A contract is generally valid when the parties reach an agreement that is expressed verbally, in writing, by electronic means, or by any other technology, or by unambiguous signs. The use of eSignatures is permissible in substitute of handwritten signatures as long as the required guidelines are met. For documents where a digital signature is required, a certification that is authorized from the Russian government is mandatory.
In some stances when the digital signatures are required, they need to meet the following criteria to be equivalent to handwritten signatures.
The tiered eSignature legal model in Russia allows companies to select the type of eSignatures to use while conducting their business.
eSignatures are not recommended for: